Monday, March 11, 2019

The Daily Lectionary for MONDAY, March 11, 2019

Christ Our Advocate
1 John 2:1-6

The Daily Lectionary
MONDAY, March 11, 2019
(Revised Common Lectionary Year C)

Psalm 17
Prayer for Deliverance from Persecutors
A Prayer of David.
1  Hear a just cause, O Lord; attend to my cry;
     give ear to my prayer from lips free of deceit.
2  From you let my vindication come;
     let your eyes see the right.

3  If you try my heart, if you visit me by night,
     if you test me, you will find no wickedness in me;
     my mouth does not transgress.
4  As for what others do, by the word of your lips
     I have avoided the ways of the violent.
5  My steps have held fast to your paths;
     my feet have not slipped.

6  I call upon you, for you will answer me, O God;
     incline your ear to me, hear my words.
7  Wondrously show your steadfast love,
     O savior of those who seek refuge
     from their adversaries at your right hand.

8  Guard me as the apple of the eye;
     hide me in the shadow of your wings,
9  from the wicked who despoil me,
     my deadly enemies who surround me.
10 They close their hearts to pity;
     with their mouths they speak arrogantly.
11 They track me down; now they surround me;
     they set their eyes to cast me to the ground.
12 They are like a lion eager to tear,
     like a young lion lurking in ambush.

13 Rise up, O Lord, confront them, overthrow them!
     By your sword deliver my life from the wicked,
14 from mortals—by your hand, O Lord—
     from mortals whose portion in life is in this world.
   May their bellies be filled with what you have stored up for them;
     may their children have more than enough;
     may they leave something over to their little ones.

15 As for me, I shall behold your face in righteousness;
     when I awake I shall be satisfied, beholding your likeness.

1 Chronicles 21:1-17
The Census and Plague
21:1 Satan stood up against Israel, and incited David to count the people of Israel. 2 So David said to Joab and the commanders of the army, “Go, number Israel, from Beer-sheba to Dan, and bring me a report, so that I may know their number.” 3 But Joab said, “May the Lord increase the number of his people a hundredfold! Are they not, my lord the king, all of them my lord’s servants? Why then should my lord require this? Why should he bring guilt on Israel?” 4 But the king’s word prevailed against Joab. So Joab departed and went throughout all Israel, and came back to Jerusalem. 5 Joab gave the total count of the people to David. In all Israel there were one million one hundred thousand men who drew the sword, and in Judah four hundred seventy thousand who drew the sword. 6 But he did not include Levi and Benjamin in the numbering, for the king’s command was abhorrent to Joab.

7 But God was displeased with this thing, and he struck Israel. 8 David said to God, “I have sinned greatly in that I have done this thing. But now, I pray you, take away the guilt of your servant; for I have done very foolishly.” 9 The Lord spoke to Gad, David’s seer, saying, 10 “Go and say to David, ‘Thus says the Lord: Three things I offer you; choose one of them, so that I may do it to you.’” 11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Take your choice: 12 either three years of famine; or three months of devastation by your foes, while the sword of your enemies overtakes you; or three days of the sword of the Lord, pestilence on the land, and the angel of the Lord destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now decide what answer I shall return to the one who sent me.” 13 Then David said to Gad, “I am in great distress; let me fall into the hand of the Lord, for his mercy is very great; but let me not fall into human hands.”

14 So the Lord sent a pestilence on Israel; and seventy thousand persons fell in Israel. 15 And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but when he was about to destroy it, the Lord took note and relented concerning the calamity; he said to the destroying angel, “Enough! Stay your hand.” The angel of the Lord was then standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 16 David looked up and saw the angel of the Lord standing between earth and heaven, and in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell on their faces. 17 And David said to God, “Was it not I who gave the command to count the people? It is I who have sinned and done very wickedly. But these sheep, what have they done? Let your hand, I pray, O Lord my God, be against me and against my father’s house; but do not let your people be plagued!”

1 John 2:1-6
Christ Our Advocate
2:1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; 2 and he is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.

3 Now by this we may be sure that we know him, if we obey his commandments. 4 Whoever says, “I have come to know him,” but does not obey his commandments, is a liar, and in such a person the truth does not exist; 5 but whoever obeys his word, truly in this person the love of God has reached perfection. By this we may be sure that we are in him: 6 whoever says, “I abide in him,” ought to walk just as he walked.

Optional parts of the readings are set off in square brackets.

The Bible texts of the Old Testament, Epistle and Gospel lessons are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Church of Christ in the USA, and used by permission.

The Daily Lectionary is a three year cyclical lectionary. We are currently in Year C. Beginning with the first Sunday of Advent in 2019, we will be in Year A. The year which ended at Advent 2018 was Year B. These readings complement the Sunday and festival readings: Thursday through Saturday readings help prepare the reader for the Sunday ahead; Monday through Wednesday readings help the reader reflect and digest on what they heard in worship. Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright © 2005 Consultation on Common Texts. www.commontexts.org
My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.

Verse of the Day for MONDAY, March 11, 2019


Deuteronomy 7:9 (NIV) Know therefore that the Lord your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.

Read all of Deuteronomy 7:9

Listen to Deuteronomy 7:9

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Un dia a la Vez - Oración por entendimiento


Oración por entendimiento

Con tus manos me creaste, me diste forma. Dame entendimiento para aprender tus mandamientos.
~ Salmo 119:73 (NVI)

Gracias te doy, Dios mío, porque aunque sea un lector de tu Palabra y me beneficie de sus enseñanzas, hoy, Padre, quiero pedirte por las personas que no te conocen. Quiero pedirte por las personas que tal vez ahora han sentido un gran deseo de empezar a buscar de ti, de conocer más de tu Palabra.

Te pido, Señor, que les des la facilidad de buscar y encontrar una Biblia.

Y, Dios mío, que cuando la encuentren, hallen verdadera revelación y puedan convertirla en un manual de vida y de conocimiento.

Abre sus mentes y prepara sus corazones para recibir todo lo que ya les tienes preparado desde la eternidad.

Gracias, Dios mío, por haberte inspirado y haber dejado esa maravillosa escuela de vida.

También te agradezco que muchos conocerán la Palabra y la Palabra los hará libres.

Te amo con todo mi corazón.

Amén y amén.

Un Día a la Vez Copyright © by Claudia Pinzón
Oración por entendimiento

Standing Strong Through the Storm - THE WAY OF THE CROSS


THE WAY OF THE CROSS

I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death…

Members of the persecuted church around the world have long understood the true significance of the cross of Christ. Pastor Allen Yuan in China, who spent almost twenty-two years in prison for his faith away from his large family, often talks about his sufferings over those years. But he invariably concludes with the statement, “They are nothing compared with the Cross!

The best known and loved pastor in China was Watchman Nee who was martyred in the early 1970’s. One of his elderly co-workers said recently, “If we call ourselves Christians—people following Christ—we should know what road we are taking. Christ went the way of the Cross. We should be prepared to do likewise.”

A Canadian Christian aid worker was overwhelmed at the enormous need among the believers of southern Sudan. He recalls some children in a village wearing nothing but hand carved bone crosses fashioned in necklaces around their necks. He pointed to the cross on one emaciated child and questioned her with hand motions. She smiled broadly, took off the necklace and handed it to him.

His thoughtful analysis is this: “That little act symbolizes the state of the suffering church in Sudan. With absolutely nothing in the way of material possessions, they still have the cross of Jesus Christ. They are prepared to share its hope - even though it means death.”

Indian missionary and martyr, Sadhu Sundar Singh, wrote in his diary, “It is easy to die for Christ. It is hard to live for him. Dying takes only an hour or two but to live for Christ means to die daily [to self].”

A thirty-two-year-old pastor works in upper Egypt, an area of intense persecution for Christians. He runs a day care center, a medical clinic, a literacy training program as well as caring for the families of those in prison. He has been beaten twice by Muslim extremists and threatened daily with death. He knows they are trying to kill him...but he continues to daily bear his cross.

A leading pastor in Egypt shared about a parishioner who tearfully came for counseling. Young people she had trained at her work were recently promoted to be her supervisors. She was passed over solely because she was a Christian. The pastor concluded, “That’s the cross we must bear here in Egypt!”

The essence of these examples is that instead of exercising and asserting my will, I learn to co-operate with God’s wishes and comply with His will.

RESPONSE: Today I will walk the way of the cross with Jesus and comply with His will.

PRAYER: Pray for believers under severe persecution who today will take up their cross to follow Jesus.

Standing Strong Through The Storm (SSTS), a daily devotional message by SSTS author Paul Estabrooks. © 2011 Open Doors International. Used by permission.

Women of the Bible - Miriam


Miriam

Her name means: "Bitterness"

Her character: Even as a young girl, she showed fortitude and wisdom. A leader of God's people at a crucial moment in history, she led the celebration after crossing the Red Sea and spoke God's word to his people, sharing their forty-year journey through the wilderness.
Her sorrow: That she was struck with leprosy for her pride and insubordination and was denied entry into the Promised Land.
Her joy: To have played an instrumental role in the deliverance of God's people, a nation she loved.
Key Scriptures: Exodus 2:1-10; 15:20-21; Numbers 12:1-15

Her Story

Seven days, I must stay outside the camp of my people, an old woman, fenced in by memories of what has been.

How could I forget our years in Egypt, the cries of the mothers whose children were murdered or the moans of our brothers as they worked themselves to death? I have only to shut my eyes and see—the wall of water, the soldiers chasing us through the sea, the sounds of their noisy drowning, and, finally, the silence and the peace. How I miss the singing of the women I led that day, dancing at the sea's edge, praising God for hurling our enemies into the deep waters, certain we would never see them again.

But we did see them again—our enemies, though not the Egyptians. We let ingratitude stalk and rob us of our blessings. We preferred the garlic and leeks of Egypt, the food of our slavery, to the manna the good God gave us. Enslaved to fear, we refused to enter the land of promise.

Time and again Moses and Aaron and I exhorted the people to stand firm, to have faith, to obey God. But there came a day when Aaron and I could stand with our brother no longer. Instead we spoke against him and his Cushite wife. What part did she, a foreigner to our suffering, have in the promise? So we challenged Moses. Had the Lord spoken only through him? All Israel knew better. We deserved an equal share in his authority, an equal say in how to lead the people.

But the Lord who speaks also heard our complaint and summoned the three of us to stand before him at the Tent of Meeting. He addressed Aaron and me with terrible words.

When the cloud of his presence finally lifted, I was a leper. I could see the horror on every face turned toward me. Aaron begged Moses to forgive us both. And Moses cried out to the Lord to heal me.

The Lord replied, "If her father had spit in her face, would she not have been in disgrace for seven days? Confine her outside the camp for seven days; after that she can be brought back." Then at least I knew my banishment was temporary; my disease would be healed.

Now I see that my enemies were not merely buried in the sea but in my own heart as well. Still, God has let me live, and I believe he will heal me. Though he brings grief, he will yet show compassion. One thing I know, he has hurled my pride into the sea and for that I will also sing his praises.

...Though Scripture doesn't reveal Miriam's thoughts or the attitude of her heart after she was chastened for complaining about Moses, it is not unreasonable to think she repented during the seven days of her banishment.

After all, it's not easy for a person of faith, however flawed, to hear God speaking as though he were spitting on her and still to hold fast to her error.

Perhaps Miriam, and the nation itself, needed a shocking rebuke in order to recognize the seriousness of a sin that threatened the unity of God's people.

Why, you might ask, wasn't Aaron similarly afflicted for his sin? Perhaps because Miriam seemed to be the ringleader. Perhaps, also, because God didn't want the worship of the tabernacle to be disrupted by Aaron's absence as high priest.

The last we hear of Miriam is that she died and was buried in Kadesh Barnea, not all that far from where Hagar, another slave woman, had encountered an angel in the wilderness so many years earlier. Like her brothers Moses and Aaron, Miriam died shortly before the Israelites ended their forty-year sojourn in the desert. She, too, was prevented from entering the Promised Land.

Still, like them, Miriam is one of the great heroes of our faith. As a young girl, she helped save the infant Moses, Israel's future deliverer. Herself a prophetess, she exhorted and encouraged God's people and led the singing of the first psalm ever recorded in Scripture. Yet, strong though she was, she, like all of us, sinned against God and suffered a punishment designed to bring her to repentance.

Her Promise

Miriam's story offers an extraordinary example of God's willingness to forgive those who sin. Though she had to pay the consequences for her actions—seven days of exclusion from the camp and from all those who loved her—she reentered the camp a forgiven woman. Hundreds of years later, she is remembered by the prophet Micah as a leader of Israel with Moses and Aaron (Micah 6:4).

Such liberating forgiveness is available to us as well as to Miriam. God looks with judgment at our sin, waits patiently for our repentance, and then eagerly offers his forgiveness and acceptance. We reenter fellowship with him renewed and clean and forgiven. Our repentance turns a legacy of judgment and punishment into a legacy of forgiveness and worthiness before God.

This devotional is drawn from Women of the Bible: A One-Year Devotional Study of Women in Scripture by Ann Spangler and Jean Syswerda. Used with permission.
Miriam's story offers an extraordinary example of God's willingness to forgive those who sin.

Girlfriends in God - When the Storms Come


When the Storms Come

Today's Truth

God is our refuge and strength, a tested help in times of trouble.
~ Psalm 46:1 (NRSV)

Friend to Friend

The only survivor of a shipwreck was washed up on a small, uninhabited island. He feverishly prayed for God’s rescue, but with every day that passed, his hope weakened. Exhausted, he eventually managed to build a little hut out of driftwood to protect himself from the elements, and to store his few possessions.

One day, after scavenging for food, he arrived home to find his little hut in flames, the smoke rolling up to the sky. Everything was lost. Stunned with grief and anger, the man cried, "God, how could you do this to me!"

The next morning, he woke to the sound of a ship approaching the island. It had come to rescue him. "How did you know I was here?" the weary man asked. "We saw your smoke signal," they replied.

Storms are for our good. When a storm hits, I usually look for the nearest exit, hoping to escape the high winds. I am more than willing to give up my seat in a rocking boat in exchange for tranquil waters and blue skies.

I don't like pain.

I dread uncertain times.

When life spirals out of control, I often withdraw from friends and family in an attempt to hide. Stress can paralyze me and make it difficult for me to function normally. Small tasks become huge mountains as the clouds gather and the winds pick up speed. To think that storms are for my good is a stretch to say the least.

I know you have repeatedly heard and maybe even taught the truth that we are strengthened by our storms. Honestly, there have been times when I felt as if I would explode if one more person told me to praise God for my storm. Looking back, however, there is absolutely no doubt that my greatest growth has come during my most fierce life storms. Each storm has become a spiritual marker, a testament to the sufficiency and faithfulness of God. It is from those markers that a powerful life is shaped and molded.

Storms will come. Storms are a reality of life. We will either become storm survivors or storm statistics. The choice really is ours to make. We can stop telling God how big our storm is and start telling the storm just how big our God is. The key to enduring storms is to embrace each one that comes, knowing it contains and can yield a seed of victory.

Let's Pray

Father, give me new eyes to see Your hand at work in the midst of my life storms. I surrender my fear and disbelief to the certainty of Your truth. I choose to trust You even if I don't understand You. Through the power of the Holy Spirit, I ask that You strengthen me for whatever tomorrow holds and help me to remember that tomorrow is in Your hands.
In Jesus' Name,
Amen.

Now It's Your Turn

Read and memorize Psalm 46:1 (NRSV) “God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.”

Read and think about the following statement:Endurance is never passive. It is the picture of a soldier staying in the heat of the battle under terrible opposition but still pressing forward to gain the victory! Then record any thoughts and/or fresh insights you gained from this verse in your journal.
Read and record the following promise of God and rest in its truth when the next storm hits:
  • Psalm 57:1 (NRSV) “Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in You my soul takes refuge; in the shadow of Your wings I will take refuge, until the destroying storms pass by.”
More from the Girlfriends

While describing the events of the past week, a friend said to me, "You know, Mary, people have to believe you when you describe your life. No one could make this stuff up!" I often say that my life is like a helicopter landing. Storms have become very familiar companions. I am sure many of you could say the same. The question is not if we will have storms, but when will they come. The best way to get ready for a life storm is to stay ready for a life storm. That means getting in the Word, praying and hanging out with other believers who have weathered a few storms of their own.

Need help? Mary’s book, 10-Day Trust Adventure, will help you learn how to really trust God in every area of your life.

Looking for resources to help you grow in Christ? Visit Mary's online store for a great selection of books, CDs, MP3 downloads, E-Bible Studies and more!


Be sure to check out the FREE MP3s on Mary’s website and connect with Mary through E-mail, Twitter, Instagram, Shopify, or on Facebook.

Seeking God?
Click HERE to find out more about how to have a personal
relationship with Jesus Christ.

Girlfriends in God

https://girlfriendsingod.com/events/
The only survivor of a shipwreck was washed up on a small, uninhabited island. He feverishly prayed for God’s rescue, but with every day that passed, his hope weakened. Exhausted, he eventually managed to build a little hut out of driftwood to protect himself from the elements, and to store his few possessions.

LHM Daily Devotions - ONLY JESUS

https://www.lhm.org/dailydevotions/default.asp?date=20190311

"ONLY JESUS"

Mar. 11, 2019

And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.
~ Matthew 17:8 (ESV)

As Moses and Elijah stood on that mountaintop with Jesus, they stood for the whole Old Testament—the Law and the Prophets combined. And they were talking to Jesus about His "departure," as Luke calls it—his death, which would shortly happen at Jerusalem. Both men had spent their lives pointing people to the one true God. Now, hundreds of years after their earthly lives, they came one last time to serve as witnesses to the Savior promised for so many years throughout the Old Testament.

We don't know how Peter, James, and John recognized them for who they were. Surely, they weren't wearing name tags! And yet they did recognize them—and Peter was foolish enough to propose building three shelters, one for each of them—Moses, Elijah, and Jesus.

Poor silly Peter! It sounds like he thought he was honoring Jesus by placing Him on the same level with those ancient heroes of the faith, Moses and Elijah. He did not yet recognize that, great as the two visitors were, Jesus was and is someone even greater—God's own Son. God the Father corrected that mistake immediately: "This is My Son, My Chosen One; listen to Him!" And after that, they saw Jesus only.

Moses and Elijah would be the first to tell us—keep your eyes on Jesus. Jesus is the One who matters—not any prophet or lawgiver, not any pastor or church leader, however great and holy they may be. What we see in such people is a shadow, a reflection—Jesus' own light shining through them. For that we honor and love our leaders. But Jesus has our hearts—because He is the Son of God, who loved us, and gave Himself for us. No one could love us more.

THE PRAYER: Father, keep our eyes focused on Your Son, Jesus. Amen.

REFLECTION QUESTIONS:
  • Have you ever been tempted to honor someone more highly than you ought?
  • Who is a person you see Jesus' light shining through?
  • What are aspects of your life that you reserve for God alone?

Lenten Devotions were written by Dr. Kari Vo. Use these devotions in your newsletter and bulletin! Used by permission; all rights reserved by the Int'l LLL (LHM).
Have you ever been tempted to honor someone more highly than you ought?

Devocional de la CPTLN del 11 de Marzo de 2019 - Sólo Jesús


ALIMENTO DIARIO

Sólo Jesús

11 de Marzo de 2019

Y cuando ellos alzaron la vista, no vieron a nadie más que a Jesús.
~ Mateo 17:8 (RVC)

Cuando Moisés y Elías se pararon en la cima de la montaña con Jesús, estaban representando todo el Antiguo Testamento: la Ley y los Profetas combinados. Le estaban hablando a Jesús sobre su "partida", como lo llama Lucas, o sea, su muerte que pronto ocurriría en Jerusalén. Ambos hombres habían pasado sus vidas guiando a las personas hacia el único Dios verdadero. Ahora, cientos de años después de sus vidas terrenales, habían venido por última vez para servir como testigos al Salvador prometido durante tantos años a lo largo del Antiguo Testamento.

No sabemos cómo, pero Pedro, Santiago y Juan los reconocieron por lo que eran. ¡Sí sabemos que no llevaban etiquetas con sus nombres! Sin embargo, los reconocieron; y a Pedro se le ocurrió proponer hacer un refugio para cada uno de ellos: Moisés, Elías y Jesús.

¡Pobre Pedro, qué tonto! Quizás pensó que estaba honrando a Jesús al ubicarlo en el mismo nivel que Moisés y Elías, los antiguos héroes de la fe. Todavía no reconocía que, por más grandes que hubieran sido los dos visitantes, Jesús, el hijo de Dios, es aún más grande. Pero Dios el Padre corrigió ese error inmediatamente: "Éste es mi Hijo amado. ¡Escúchenlo!", dijo. E inmediatamente, los discípulos sólo vieron a Jesús.

Moisés y Elías serían los primeros en decirnos: mantén tu mirada en Jesús. Jesús es quien importa, no algún profeta o legislador, pastor o líder de la iglesia, por más grandes y santos que sean. Lo que vemos en esas personas es una sombra, un reflejo, la luz de Jesús que brilla a través de ellas, por eso honramos y amamos a nuestros líderes. Pero Jesús tiene nuestros corazones, porque él es el Hijo de Dios que nos amó y se entregó a sí mismo por nosotros. Nadie podría amarnos más.

ORACIÓN: Padre, mantén nuestra mirada en tu hijo Jesús. Amén.

PREGUNTAS DE REFLEXIÓN:
  • ¿Te sientes tentado a honrar a alguien más de lo que deberías?
  • ¿En qué personas ves brillar la luz de Jesús?

© Copyright 2019 Cristo Para Todas Las Naciones. Que a través de estos devocionales, la Palabra de Dios te refresque en tu diario caminar.
¿Te sientes tentado a honrar a alguien más de lo que deberías?

Notre Pain Quotidien - Effacées

https://www.ministeresnpq.org/2019/03/11/effacees/

Effacées


J’efface tes transgressions comme un nuage, et tes péchés comme une nuée ; reviens à moi, car je t’ai racheté. Ésaïe 44.22

En 1770, quand il a inventé la gomme à effacer, l’ingénieur britannique Edward Nairne tendait la main pour prendre de la mie de pain, car c’est ce que l’on utilisait à cette époque pour effacer des marques sur du papier. Saisissant par erreur un morceau de caoutchouc latex, Nairne a découvert qu’il lui permettait d’effacer son erreur, laissant des « miettes » de caoutchouc faciles à éliminer du revers de la main.

Or, nos pires erreurs peuvent elles aussi être effacées. C’est le Seigneur – le pain de vie – qui les efface au moyen de sa propre vie et nous promet de ne plus jamais s’en souvenir : « C’est moi, moi qui efface tes transgressions pour l’amour de moi, et je ne me souviendrai plus de tes péchés » (ÉS 43.25).

Cela peut sembler être une solution remarquable – et imméritée. Beaucoup de gens ont du mal à croire que Dieu puisse effacer leurs péchés « comme la rosée qui bientôt se dissipe » (OS 13.3). Est-ce que Dieu, qui sait tout, les oublie si facilement ?

C’est précisément ce qu’il fait lorsque nous acceptons Jésus comme notre Sauveur. Choisissant de nous pardonner nos péchés et de ne plus se les rappeler, notre Père céleste nous en libère afin que nous puissions aller de l’avant et le servir maintenant et pour toujours.

Oui, il se peut que des conséquences subsistent. Reste que Dieu efface le péché en soi et nous invite à revenir à lui pour obtenir une nouvelle vie pure. Il n’existe aucune meilleure solution à nos péchés.

Christ nous pardonne nos péchés et les efface.


© 2019 Ministères NPQ
En 1770, quand il a inventé la gomme à effacer, l’ingénieur britannique Edward Nairne tendait la main pour prendre de la mie de pain, car c’est ce que l’on utilisait à cette époque pour effacer des marques sur du papier.